MATA PELAJARAN : BAHASA INGGRIS
KELAS/SEMESTER : II/2
Reading Text 1
Plantations is an estate on which cotton, tobacco, coffee, tea, etc., is grown, as a sugar plantation, a tea plantation, etc. Estate is a peace of property in the form of the land or large area of land, often with a house.
The production of an estate crops rubbers, oil palm, sugar can, coffee, tea, and cocoas a long, hanging history in Indonesia. Today, these crops still figure prominently it in the country’s economy. Estate crops cover approximately 4,5 million has or more than 20% of the country’s agricultural land. They are produced by a small plantations, plus government and private estates. Rubber is the biggest land user followed by coffee, oil palm, sugar can, tea, and cocoa. All of these crops have a widespread distribution pattern, especially in Java and Sumatra. Oil palm is particularly concerned in North Sumatra and coffee in south Sumatra, Lampung, Bengkulu, and East Java. Sugar can is found predominantly in East and Central Java. Much of the rubber is planted in Sumatra and Kalimantan, cocoa in North Sumatra, East Java and Southeast Sulawesi.
Indonesia is the world’s second largest rubber producer after Malaysia, producing approximately 1 million tons per year. More than 2 million families are working in the field of rubber, involving 10 to 12 million persons who depend on the product for their earning.
Oil palm is being expended rapidly in many new areas. Palm oil is also a major item used for cooking in Indonesia household. Oil palm plantings in Indonesia are almost entirely concentrated in North Sumatra.
Two types of tea are produced in Indonesia black and green. Most of the farmer is exported, while the latter is produced mostly by small plantations and processed further to jasmine or scented tea for domestic consumption.
- The following are estate crops except . . . .
- The main idea of paragraph two is about . . . .
- one of the following statement is not true according to the text, Which one?
- What is the main crop in Southeast Sulawesi?
- “Sugar can is predominantly in ____ “ (paragraph 2)
The underlined word means . . . .
- Plantaion is. . . .
- Themain idea of the last paragraph is about . . . .
- Which of the following sentence is true according to text?
- The transmitter in satellite . . . .
- A satellite in the text is a/an . . . object intended to move around the earth for long distance communication.
- “Rockets boost it into the orbit . . . . space” (paragraph 1)
The synonym of the underlined word is . . . .
- “Today ____ watch live television from another continent” (paragraph 3)
The opposite of the underlined word is . . . .
- The main idea of paragraph 6 is about . . . .
- You’ll get job easily if you have the following requirements except . . . .
- The following are employed workers except . . . .
- Why is labour and labour movement important? Because it . . . .
- “They can quit if they are not paid enough” (paragraph 4). The word ‘quit’ means . . . .
- Which statement is not true according to the text?
- Iran is famous for its ….
- The information about problems when nation trade with one another is found in paragraph ….
- A country can get money by . . . .
- Crude oil means oil ….
- …. is the material which is dried for making paper.
- Which statement is true according to the text?
- As soon as the trains arrived at the station some . . . . get into the train to carry passengers’ bags.
- The ASEAN is a regional . . . . which was founded in 1967
- A/an . . . usually lives in slum to hide after doing unlawful things.
- Many farmers in the village borrow money from the merchant. They don’t aware that he lends the money on condition that they have to sell their crops to him. We can say:
The merchant has . . . the farmers sell their crops to him.
- He is going to a meeting that is held at Sahid Hotel. He’s afraid to arrive there late, so he takes a taxi.
We can say : He takes a taxi . . . .
- They play started at seven o’clock. They arrived at the theatre at half past seven.
- X : Where is my letter?
Y : What letter ?
Your letter. You asked me to post it this morning.
Y : Oh . . . .
- X : Can you type the letter tomorrow?
Y : I’m afraid not. I’d rather he . . . it now.
- Ari : Give Rita the book
Iman : What did Ari asked you, Wilda?
Wilda : . . . .
- Ilham : Where did Wilda go yesterday?
Intan : She went to Dufan with her friends.
In the dialogue above Intan told Ilham that Wilda . . . to Dufan with her friends the day before.
- The man goes to the café.
He is wearing a red tie
The combination of the two sentences above is :
- Mira : “What a lovely dress!
Tono : “If I had the money,, I would buy it for you”
We may conclude that . . . .
- This traffic sign tells you that . . . .
- “Sidol Anak Sekolah” is my favorite serial. It is shown at 19.30 on Monday. If you come to my house on Monday at 19.45, . . . the serial.
- Look at the time table of Rizal’s activities on Sunday.
7.00 – 8.00 have breakfast
8.00 – 10.00 reading Sunday’s news paper
10.00 – 13.00 repairing the car
13.00 – 14.00 have lunch
14.00 – 15.00 take a nap
If you come to Rizal’s house at 11 o’clock . . . .
- Which sentence is right?
The girl came to my house yesterday. She is sitting there alone now.
Based on the situation above, we can say:
- This hotel has hot cold running water in every room.
The underlined words mean water that . . . .
- If the weather were nice, we could go on a picnic.
It means that the weather . . . . nice.
- Since the car is out of order, we can’t use it today. If the car . . . . in good condition, we . . . use it today.
- Look at the dark clouds! . . . .
- Adi : . . . tonight, Ita? There’s a nice film at Jakarta theatre.
Ita : yes, I did love to, Adi, but I’m sorry I can’t. I have an appointment with my client. What about tomorrow night?
Adi : All right, tomorrow night then.
- Ucok : Bob, shall I give you a lift when we go home?
Bob : . . . I can’t go with you. I want to stop at Toko Jaya to buy a batik shirt.
- Toni : I’ve forgotten to bring my dictionary . . . ?
Fuad : Sure, Here you are.
- Poppy : May I borrow your calculator?
Mira : . . . there’s something wrong with it.
A. Estate crops
B. Agricultural land
C. Rubber plantations
D. sugar can production
E. the country’s economy
A. Cotton is one of the estate crops
B. Our country exports black tea
C. Indonesians use palm oil for cooking
D. The estate crops of Lampung is coffee
E. Indonesia is known for its rubber plantations
B. mainly D. especially
C. unusually E. particularly
A. An area of ground where seeds begin to grow
B. A large enclosed stretch of land with grass, trees, etc.
C. A piece of land on which flowers and vegetables are grown.
D. An area of land where crops are grown and animals are raised.
E. A large group of grown trees planted especially to produce wood
Reading Text 2
Astronauts have journeyed off the planet earth and out into space. Ventures into space have led to the latest tool into long-distance communications – the communication satellite. The satellite is equipped with the radio receivers and transmitter. Rockets boost it into orbit, and the force of gravity keeps it from flying off into space. The communication satellite is the earth’s captive, circling the planet in space. The satellite acts as a television relay station. Engineers on the earth bounce television signals off it at an angle, and the signals come down at a different angle to receivers on another continent. Television signals are blocked by mountains, the earth’s curvature, or sometimes by building. Therefore, they have to be relayed from one transmitter to another in order to travel long distances.
In 1962, the first important United States communication satellite, Telstar I, was placed in orbit. Television engineers in Europe bounced a picture off Telstar, and viewers in the United States saw it. For the first time people sat at home in New York and watched something happening in London or Paris at the moment it took place.
In 1965 the United States launched Early Bird, the first commercial communication satellite and Rusia launched Molniya I. Today, people in many parts of the world watch live television from other continents.
The United States also launched Palapa, the communication satellite, for Indonesia. The Indonesian government bought this satellite. The existence of the Palapa satellite has helped the development of communication in Indonesia. It is great importance for the people in Indonesia because Indonesia consists of thousands of islands.
A. Why the United States launched Palapa
B. The great importance of the Palapa satellite
C. The development of communication in Indonesia
D. The reason why the Indonesia government buy the Palapa
E. The role of Palapa in Indonesia
A. Without astronauts, communication satellite cannot work.
B. The first American commercial communications satellite in Early Bird
C. Before 1962 people in New York can watch something happen in London and Paris.
D. Television signals can be directly sent through there are mountains and high buildings
E. Television signals sent from the earth are received the engineers on the satellite.
A. Receives television signals from the earth
B. Sends out television signals to receivers on another continent
C. Sends television signals to receiver in another satellite
D. Receives television signals and then sends them out to another transmitter
E. Receives television signals from the earth and then transmits to the receiver
E. man made
Reading Text 3
A DEMAND FOR WORKERS
If a builder is going to build a factory around your dwelling house or in a certain area in the suburb, it will surely need a lot of workers. It means a lot of workers have good chance to apply for the jobs. The factory needs a lot of skilled labourers. They are in great demand.
For those who are still jobless they can contact the office under the Depnaker in their respective areas. Or they can contact the bureau that organizes the applicants. This bureau is privately run. Most of the applicants are high school graduates. They are placed in department, institution, factories, schools and tourist agencies. They are workers. They are lucky and feel satisfies they can get new jobs.
Workers receive payment in the form of wages and salaries. Farmers, doctors, lawyers,, and owner of businesses are usually self-employed. Only a few of the working people are self-employed.
Labour-both the workers and the labour movement is tremendously important in the world’s economy. In a true democracy labour is free. Workers cannot be forced to take jobs or work for an employer if they don’t wish to. They can quit if they feel they are not paid enough.
As workers are in demand, they must work hard, for example, for the department store. The workers must be faithful to their manager and so must the manager to the workers. He must be faithful to his promises and word. There is no necessity for the manager to treat the workers cruelly. The relation between employer and employees must be good.
They must be workers’ compensation. Workers’ compensation means payments and medical help given to workers who are hurt on the job and pension given to dependent (keluarga tertanggung) in the case of a worker’s death. In most countries employers are required to take out insurance policies to cover their responsibility to the workers.
A. Workers’ right D. workers’ insurance
B. Workers’ salary E. workers’ medical help
C. Workers’ pension
D. good education
E. Hard worker
A. Civil servant
B. business owners
C. Labour workers
D. company’s employees
E. Shop assistants
A. Protects workers
B. decides workers salary
C. Has power on workers
D. Can influence workers
E. co-operates with managers
A. To go away
B. to stop and go
C. To send away
D. to end an activity
E. To allow to go
A. Depnaker can help you to get a job
B. Not all workers are self employed
C. Skilled labourers are more depended by factories.
D. Workers are responsible for the wages paid to them
E. Government offices can only receive a small number of applicants.
Reading Text 4
International trade is the exchange of goods and services produced in one country for goods and services produced in another country. In most cases, countries do not trade the actual goods and services. Rather, they use the income, or money, from the sale of their products to buy the products of another country.
Trade among countries allows people in each country to use their energies in doing what they do best. That is, it lets them specialize. Trade and specialization go hand in hand and enable each of us to have more products to use and more and more different kinds of products at the lowest possible cost.
Nations trade for many reasons. First, they trade because there are differences in natural resources in different part of the world. The plants that can be grown are different. The mineral resources are also difference.
For example, Canada has nickel but is too cold to grow oranges. The United States has only a few small nickel mines but produces large crops of oranges. So the United States buys nickel from Canada, and Canada buys oranges from the Unites States. We say that the Unites States exports oranges and imports nickel. Canada Exports nickel and imports the oranges.
The second reason, a nation trade with one another is that it pays to specialize. Specialization makes the best use of a country’s productive resources – its natural resources, the skills of its workers, and its factories. When a country specialized, it can make some goods that are of better quality that goods made elsewhere. Carpets woven in Iran and wine produced in France are examples of these special gods.
Many countries get a large part of their income from selling one or two primary products. Primary products are raw materials from which manufactured goods are made. They may be from products, such as wool, cotton, beef, or wheat. They may come from beneath the surface of the earth, as do copper, iron, coal, and crude oil. Or they may come from forests, as do wood (not timber) and natural rubber.
International trade has many more problems that there are in domestic trade. Many differences between nations create difficulties. Language differences often cause misunderstandings. Different ways of doing business cause confusion. Tariffs and other trade barriers may be set up by the government.
D. natural resources
A. Exporting goods
B. Mining minerals
C. Producing goods
D. Exchanging goods
E. Manufacturing goods
A. which is not yet treated
B. which has been processed
C. which is ready to be used
D. which is going to export
E. which comes from strong tank
A. There are nickel mines in France
B. The united States import carpet from Iran
C. Large crops of oranges are only found in the United States.
D. All raw materials come from beneath the surface of the earth.
E. Canada imports oranges because oranges can’t grow in the country.
A. Although he is late
B. To get there in time
C. Because there is a meeting
D. In order to attend a meeting
E. Since the meeting is held at Sahid Hotel
A. Based on the situation above we can say :
B. The play started after they arrived
C. They arrived before the play started
D. As soon as they arrived the play started
E. They arrived at the theatre after the play had started
A. It is posted
B. It must be posted
C. It was posted
D. It has been posted
E. It will be posted
E. is typing
A. I asked Rita to give him the book
B. I asked Ari to give Rita the book
C. Rita asked Ari to give me the book
D. Rita asked me to give Ari the book
E. Ari asked me to give the book to Rita
B. has gone
E. had gone
A. Going to café, the man wears a red tie
B. The man wearing a red tie goes to the café.
C. Wearing a red tie the man goes to the café.
D. The man goes to the café wearing a red tie.
E. The man is wearing a red tie goes to the café.
|1943||Tottori, Western Japan||7.2||1.063|
|1945||Mikawa, Central Japan||6.3||1.961|
|1946||Ninkai off, Western Japan||8.3||1.338|
|1978||Miyagi, Northern Japan||7.4||28|
Consider the following list of five places where have had earthquakes: Nankai, Miyagi, Hokkaido Island, Tottori and Mikawa.
In what order of magnitude are they arranged here?
A. Decreasing magnitude
B. static magnitude
C. Increasing magnitude
D. in random order.
E. The same magnitude
A. Tono will buy the dress for Mira.
B. Tono could buy the dress but didn’t
C. Tono bought the dress for Mira
D. Tono can buy the dress for Mira
E. Tono can’t afford to buy the dress for Mira
A. It is a slippery road
B. You have to keep left
C. It is a one way traffic
D. You can pass either side
E. You may not enter the road
A. I’ll watch
B. I’ll have watched
C. I’m watching
D. I’ll have been watching
E. I’ll be watching
A. He has take a nap
B. He must have had lunch
C. He is repairing the car
D. He is still having breakfast
E. He will be repairing the car.
A. South Korea is member of ASEAN.
B. There is no relation between environment and health
C. The chief of a republic is a king or queen.
D. Palapa is the first communication satellite built by Indonesia people.
E. Foster parents help the government to make compulsory education successful.
A. Coming to my house, she sat there alone
B. Sitting there alone, the girl came to my house.
C. The girl coming to my house yesterday sat there alone.
D. The girl came to my house and sat there alone.
E. The girl sitting there alone came to my house yesterday
A. Is flowing from taps
B. Is flowing continuously
C. Is flowing from room to room
D. Is used in the hotel’s room
E. Provided by hotel for its guests
B. was not
C. will be
D. Is not
E. would be
A. Is – would able to
B. Were – would be able to
C. Wasn’t – would be able to
D. Wasn’t – wouldn’t be able to
E. Weren’t – wouldn’t be able to
A. It rains
B. it’s going to rain
C. It’s raining
D. it will be raining
E. It must rain
A. Do you like movie
B. Go with you to the movie
C. Do you mind going to the movie
D. Would you join me to the movie
E. Shall I take you to the movie
B. No, thank
C. yes, please
D. all right,, thanks
E. yes, thanks
A. Can I borrow yours
B. May you lend me yours
C. Should I borrow yours
D. Do you have to lend me yours
E. Would you, like to lend me yours
A. I apologize.
B. I agree with you.
C. I am afraid you can’t
D. I am sarry to hear that
E. I am pleased to hear that