Posted by Zahrowi Ahmad pada 24 April 2009
A narrative is a story that is created in a constructive format (written, spoken, poetry, prose, images, song, theater or dance) that describes a sequence of fictional or non-fictional events. It derives from the Latin verb narrare, which means “to recount” and is related to the adjective gnarus, meaning “knowing” or “skilled”.(Ultimately derived from the Proto-Indo-European root gnō-, “to know”. The word “story” may be used as a synonym of “narrative”, but can also be used to refer to the sequence of events described in a narrative. A narrative can also be told by a character within a larger narrative. An important part of narration is the narrative mode.
What is the purpose of the narrative? The purpose of the narrative is to entertain the reader with a story that deals with complications or proplematic events which lead to a crises and in turn finds a resolution.
The text organization includes:
- Orientation : sets the scense where and when the story happened, introduces the participants of the story, who and what is involved in the story.
- Coplication : Tells the beginning of the problem which leads to the crisis (climax) of the main participants.
- Resolution : The problem (the crisis) is resolved, either in a happy ending or in a sad (tragic) ending.
- Re-orientation: This is the closing remark to the story and it is optional. It consists of a moral lesson, advice or teaching from the writer.
Language Features :
- Nouns: tavelers, bundles, tree, road, etc.
- Pronouns: they, their, its, its, etc.
- Noun phrases: the dusty and rough road, a big old tree, etc.
- Time connectives and conjunctions: oneday, a week later, then, a long, long time ago, when, etc.
- Adverbs and adverbials phrases: angrily, in horror, etc.
- Material processes (action verbs) arrived, ate, went, laughed, etc.
- Verbal processes (saying verbs): asked.